Essay Archives


November 2nd, 2009

Public Spheres, Private Lives, and Roundtable Negotiations in 1989 and 2009

Submitted by Michael D. Kennedy, Brown University

Even for Poland, 1989 was a surprise, but not in the same way as for other parts of the region or of the world. And that was due to the existence of a profound opposition, a mutable communist authority, and an influential and diverse set of Catholic authorities. Poles knew that transformations were likely, for […]

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